What does a criminal indictment mean?
An indictment is a letter from the public prosecutor’s office to the court requesting a public main hearing.
An indictment is brought if, after a criminal investigation, a public prosecutor comes to the conclusion that the probability of a conviction is higher than the probability of an acquittal (so-called sufficient grounds for suspicion).
The imposition of an indictment also means for the accused that the public prosecutor’s office has decided against the various possibilities of discontinuing criminal proceedings, for example against the payment of a fine or against the issuing of a penalty order.
For the accused, the presence of an accusation usually means that the hope that the trial will end on its own has not been fulfilled.
The defender is particularly challenged from the moment a charge is brought. It is now “about the whole”. The primary contact on the other side is now the judge and no longer the prosecutor.